Capital: Vilnius (533 900 )
Area: 65 200 km²
Population: 3 323 611
Ethnic groups: Lithuanians 84.2 %, Poles 6.6 %, Russians 5,8 %, Belarusians 1.2%, others 2.2%
Language: Lithuanian (the oldest living Indo-European language).
Religion: most Lithuanians belong to Roman Catholic Church. There are also Eastern Orthodox, Evangelical Lutheran, Reformed Church, Eastern Orthodox, Judaism, Islam and other religions.
Neighboring countries: Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Russia
Climate: ranges between maritime and continental. The average temperatures are +19°C in July and -3°C in January.
Time zone: UTC + 2 hours.
National currency: the euro (from 1 January 2015)
Joined the European union: 1 May 2004
Visa: EU citizens do not require a visa
Travel documents: Lithuania joined Schengen on 21st Dec 2007. If you are an EU national , you do not need to show your national ID card or passport when you are travelling from one border-free Schengen EU country to another. It is still always highly recommended to take a passport or ID card with you, so you can prove your identity if needed.