Capital: Vilnius (533 900 )

Area: 65 200 km²

Population: 3 323 611

Ethnic groups: Lithuanians 84.2 %, Poles 6.6 %, Russians 5,8 %, Belarusians 1.2%, others 2.2%

Language: Lithuanian (the oldest living Indo-European language).

Religion: most Lithuanians belong to Roman Catholic Church. There are also Eastern Orthodox, Evangelical Lutheran, Reformed Church, Eastern Orthodox, Judaism, Islam and other religions.

Neighboring countries: Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Russia

Climate: ranges between maritime and continental. The average temperatures are +19°C in July and -3°C in January.

Time zone: UTC + 2 hours.

National currency: the euro (from 1 January 2015)

Joined the European union: 1 May 2004

Visa: EU citizens do not require a visa

Travel documents: Lithuania joined Schengen on 21st Dec 2007. If you are an EU national , you do not need to show your national ID card or passport when you are travelling from one border-free Schengen EU country to another. It is still always highly recommended to take a passport or ID card with you, so you can prove your identity if needed.